[ad_1] Rock-paper-scissors (RPS) is a classic hand game that has been played for centuries. It’s a simple game that requires each player to choose one of three hand gestures, which can either win, lose, or result in a tie. Despite its simplicity, RPS is a game that requires strategy and skill to win consistently. In this article, we will explore the science of winning in RPS, with a focus on the most popular variants of the game.

The Basic Strategy of RPS

The basic strategy of RPS is simple: choose one of three gestures, and hope that it beats your opponent’s gesture. However, there is more to RPS strategy than just picking a gesture randomly. To increase your chances of winning, it’s important to understand the probabilities and patterns that exist in the game.

One important concept in RPS is the idea of “dominant” and “submissive” gestures. Dominant gestures are those that beat more than one other gesture, while submissive gestures are those that are beaten by more than one other gesture. In RPS, rock is dominant, while paper and scissors are submissive. This means that if you choose rock, you have a higher chance of winning than if you choose paper or scissors.

Another important aspect of RPS strategy is recognizing patterns in your opponent’s behavior. Humans are creatures of habit, and studies have shown that people tend to repeat their previous gesture more often than they change it. If your opponent plays rock in the previous round, for example, there’s a higher chance that they will play rock again in the next round. By recognizing these patterns, you can increase your chances of predicting your opponent’s next move and winning the game.

RPS Variants and Their Strategies

While the basic rules of RPS are the same across all variants of the game, there are some subtle differences in strategy that can affect your chances of winning. Here are some of the most popular variants of RPS, and their specific strategies:

– Rock-paper-scissors-lizard-Spock: This variant, popularized by the TV show “The Big Bang Theory,” adds two additional gestures to the original game. In this variant, Spock beats rock and scissors, while lizard beats paper and Spock. The dominant gesture in this variant is still rock, but it’s important to recognize the dominance of Spock and lizard, as they can catch many opponents off guard.

– Rock-paper-scissors-gun: In this variant, the gun gesture beats all the other gestures, but there’s a catch – you can only use the gun gesture once per game. This adds an additional layer of strategy, as players must decide when to use their one “bullet” to try to win the game.

– Rock-paper-scissors-fire-water-tree: This variant is also known as the “ultimate RPS,” as it adds three additional gestures to the game. Fire beats tree and paper, water beats fire and rock, and tree beats water and scissors. One important strategy in this variant is recognizing the dominance of water, as it beats two other gestures and is only beaten by one.


Winning at RPS may seem like a matter of luck, but there is actually a science behind it. By understanding the probabilities and patterns that exist in the game, and by recognizing the specific strategies of different variants, you can increase your chances of winning consistently. So next time you play RPS, keep these tips in mind – and may the odds be ever in your favor![ad_2]

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